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Notes on Aircraft Manufacture in Scotland 1914-191

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    Posted: 22 Jun 2009 at 08:55

Notes on Aircraft Manufacture in Scotland 1914-1919

Notes from PSL Military Aircraft Serials book, Air-Britain sources

 

Serial

Aircraft Type

Number Ordered

Manufacturer

Notes

N7350-N7389

Sopwith 2F1 Camel

50

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire/

Arrol Johnson

Contract Numbers 38a/663/C695 and A.S.24904/18 (BR.593).

150hp Bentley BR1 engine.

Ordered from Beardmore, but sublet to Arrol Johnson. Delivered to 6 AAP, Renfrew. N7375-N7399 cancelled December 1918.

N7100-N7139

 

Sopwith 2F1 Camel

40

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire/ Arrol Johnson

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Numbers 38a/383/C273 and A.S.3458/18 (BR329, later BR520), dated 2 February 1918 and later 27 June 1918.

150hp Bentley BR1 engine.

Delivered to 6 Aircraft Acceptance Park at Renfrew from August 1918. N7350-N7369 confirmed as delivered

A1261-A1310

BE2c/e

50

Barclay, Curle & Co Ltd, Whiteinch, Glasgow

RFC order

A1284-A1287 to RNAS

A1298 became G-EAJA postwar

C7001-C7100

 

BE2e

100

Barclay, Curle & Co Ltd, Whiteinch, Glasgow

C7081-C7083 served with 55 TDS at Manston, from August 1918

F2945-F2994

FE2b

50

Barclay, Curle & Co Ltd, Whiteinch, Glasgow

War Office Order for RFC

Ordered from Barclay, Curle, with components from Alex Stephens

Cancelled

F3498-F3547

FE2b

50

Barclay, Curle & Co Ltd, Whiteinch, Glasgow

War Office order for Cancelled

J3917-J3991

Sopwith 7F1 Snipe

75

Barclay, Curle & Co Ltd, Whiteinch, Glasgow

Contract Number 35a/3447/C4052 dated 1 November 1918

J3917-J3966 cancelled February 1919

J3967-J3991 cancelled January 1919

N1840-N1889

Fairey Campania

50

Barclay, Curle & Co Ltd, Whiteinch, Glasgow

Contract Number A.S.3591.

345hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII engines

Delivered to Maritime Aeroplane Depot, Dundee, for acceptance trails from 30 March 1918

Order reduced to 12 aircraft. N1852-N1889 cancelled and not delivered

1099-1122

BE2c

24

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

RNAS order

70hp Renault engine

1400-1411

Wight 840

12

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

RNAS order

Contract Number C.P.30564/15

225hp Sunbeam engine

1400 elivered to HMS Engadine 12 September 1915 (Granton Harbour 13 September 1915)

8326-8337

BE2c

12

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Number C.P.53937/15

90hp RAF 1a engine

Delivered from January 1916

8714-8724

BE2c

11

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Numbers C.P.60949/15 and C.P.153401/15 90hp RAF 1a engine

8716 to RFC

Delivered from April 1916

9021-9040

Wight 840

20

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Number C.P.145459/15 dated 24 November 1915

225hp Sunbeam engine

Contract closed May 1917

9029-9040 delivered at maker’s works, without engines,  as spares

9901-9950

Sopwith Scout (Admiralty Type 9901) ‘Pup’

50

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Numbers C.P.117318/16 and A.S.11764/17 9901-9911 fitted with 80hp Le Cleget engine

9912-9950 fitted with 80hp Le Rhone engine

9909-9949 odd numbers fitted with machine guns and even numbers with rockets

16 aircraft fitted with airbags

Delivered from October 1916

9917, 9918, 9943, 9944, 9945, delivered to East Fortune for embarkation on HMS Manxman

9950 became prototype of Beardmore WBIII

8488-8500

BE2c

13

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Number C.P.79587/15

90hp RAF 1a engine

Delivered from April 1916

9201-9250

Nieuport 12

50

Sir William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Number C.P.150907/15 dated 15 December 1915

110hp Le Clerget 9Z engines

Delivered from May 1916

9213-9232 to RFC, for service with 46 Squadron, and  given new serials A5183-5202

E8287-E8306

Handley Page V/1500

20

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Contract Number 35a/315/C.200, dated 13 March 1918. The 500hp Galloway Atlantic engine was specified, and E8287 was thus fitted when it was at Bircham Newton in December 1918. However, not all aircraft of this batch were fitted with Atlantics. E8293 had Rolls-Royce Eagles.

F8201-F8230

Handley Page V/1500

30

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Ten aircraft delivered

N183-N184

Beardmore Inverness

2

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Rohrbach design

N525

Beardmore WBI long range bomber prototype

1

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Number A.S.14457

230hp Adriatic engine

First flew 20 September 1916, delivered to Cranwell 8 June 1917.

N6430-N6459

Sopwith Admiralty Type 9901A ‘Pup’

30

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Numbers A.S.19598/17 (16 February 1917) and A.S.775 (14 March 1917).

Fitted with airbags.

Even serial numbers fitted with Lewis Guns, and odd serial numbers with rockets. 80hp Le Rhone engine.

Some later converted to skid undercarriage

Delivered from May 1917.

N6430, N6431 delivered to East Fortune in May 1917 for HMS Manxman.

N6448 & N6449 delivered to East Fortune in June 1917, before moving to Donibristle in September for embarkation on HMS Nairana and HMS Dublin respectively.

N6451and N6453 both stationed at East Fortune from November 1917 from HMS Furious. 

N7100-N7149

Sopwith 2F1 Camel

50

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Number N7140-N7149 subcontracted to Arrol Johnson Ltd

N6750-N6799

 

Sopwith 2F1 Camel

50

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Number A.S.35920

150hp Bentley BR1 engine.

First aircraft flew 20 February 1918.

N6800-N6849

Sopwith 2F1 Camel

50

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Number A.S.2301/18 (BR.319), dated January 1917.

150hp Bentley BR1 engine.

Delivered from May 1918.

N7350-N7389

Sopwith 2F1 Camel

50

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire/

Arrol Johnson

Contract Numbers 38a/663/C695 and A.S.24904/18 (BR.593).

150hp Bentley BR1 engine.

Ordered from Beardmore, but sublet to Arrol Johnson. Delivered to 6 AAP, Renfrew. N7375-N7399 cancelled December 1918.

N7100-N7139

 

Sopwith 2F1 Camel

40

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire/ Arrol Johnson

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Numbers 38a/383/C273 and A.S.3458/18 (BR329, later BR520), dated 2 February 1918 and later 27 June 1918.

150hp Bentley BR1 engine.

Delivered to 6 Aircraft Acceptance Park at Renfrew from August 1918. N7350-N7369 confirmed as delivered

N6100-N6129

Sopwith Pup/

Beardmore WBIII

30

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Numbers A.S.775/17 and A.S.14757, dated 12 February 1917. Originally ordered as Pups, but later changed to Beardmore WBIII. 80hp Le Rhone 9c engine generally fitted.

N6101-N6102 with folding undercarriage (SBIIIF), remainder with dropping undercarriage (SBIIID). N6100-N6112 believed to have been fitted with folding wings initially (SBIIIF).

N6101delivered to East Fortune July 1917 for HMS Manxman

N6109 delivered East Fortune October 1917, then to Donibristle for HMS Pegasus initially.

N6680-N6749

Beardmore WBIII

(SBIIID)

70

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty order for RNAS, Contract Numbers A.S.755 and A.S.12856

Jettisonable undercarriage and 80hp Le Rhone engine. 42 aircraft were cancelled 5 February 1918, but seem to have been reinstated. However the reinstated aircraft seem to have gone to storage without engines mostly.

Delivered from November 1917.

N6688 to East Fortune February 1918 for embarkation on a carrier, remained to become part of 208 TDS in June 1918, but was deleted in July.

N38-N40

Beardmore WBIV

Fighter prototype

3

William Beardmore & Co Ltd, Dalmuir, Dunbartonshire

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Number A.S.11542 (BR.68) to A.D. Specification N.1(a)

200hp Hispano-Suiza 8B engine

N38 completed November 1917, but not tested at Isle of Grain and Martlesham Heath until May 1918

N39-N40 not completed

N41-N43

Beardmore WBV

3

 

Admiralty Order for RNAS, Contract Number A.S.11542 (BR.68) to A.D. Specification N.1(a)

200hp Hispano-Suiza 8B engine

N41 first flew 3 December 1917, and was delivered to Isle of Grain for testing later that month. N42 first flew at Dalmuir on 20 February 1918. Project was abandoned April 1918. N43 was cancelled and probably not completed

A1361-A1410

BE2c/e

50

William Denny & Brothers, Dumbarton

RFC order

A1382-A1385 to RNAS

A1404 became G-EAJN postwar

A1410 became G-EAJV postwar

C6901-C7000

BE2e

100

William Denny & Brothers, Dumbarton

C6980 fitted with 140hp RAF engine, and fitted with metal wings in October 1919

C6983 became G-EARW postwar

C6904 became G-EATW postwar

C6968 became G-EATT postwar

C6986 became VH-UBF postwar

D5851-D5950

Avro 504J/K

100

The Henderson Scottish Aviation Factory, Aberdeen

AKA Grieg & Henderson (Scottish Aircraft Company)

War Office Order for RFC, Contract Number A.S.37917.

D5858 became G-EASF postwar

H201-H350

Avro 504K

150

The Henderson Scottish Aviation Factory, Aberdeen

AKA Grieg & Henderson (Scottish Aircraft Company)

Contract Number 35a/2055/C2333 dated 16 July 1917

H201-H257 delivered by 25 January 1919 (H255 was struck off charge on 16 May 1927)

H306-H350 cancelled January 1919

Avro 504A A8591 supplied to The Henderson Scottish Aviation Factory as a pattern

H244 was later rebuilt and given new serial HR244

J2142-J2241

Avro 504K

100

The Henderson Scottish Aviation Factory, Aberdeen

AKA Grieg & Henderson (Scottish Aircraft Company)

Ordered on Contract Number 35a/3349/C3910 and AS.44997 dated 10 September 1918

Cancelled January 1919

D9081-D9230

FE2b

150

Alex Stephen & Sons, Glasgow

War Office Order for RFC

4256-4292

FE2b

37

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

War Office order for RFC

4270 with 140hp RAF engine

4300-4599

BE2c

300

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

War Office order for RFC

4336-4337 to RNAS & fitted with Curtiss 90hp engine

4426 to RNAS & fitted with Curtiss 90hp engine

4838-4900

FE2b

63

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

War Office order for RFC

120hp Beardmore or RAF 5 engines

6828-6927

RE7

100

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

War Office order for RFC

Cancelled

A778-A877

FE2b

100

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

RFC order

A826 to RNAS

A838 fitted with searchlight in August 1917

A5500-A5649

FE2b

100

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

 

C1151-C1450

DH9

300

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

Contract Number A.S.17570 (BR.113) dated 29 June 1917, originally as DH4

D9800-D9899

DH9

100

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart, Glasgow

War Office Order for RFC Contract Number A.S.41634 (BR.228) dated 24 January 1918

D9807 presentation aircraft ‘City of Glasgow, Canada’

D9885-D9899 cancelled December 1918. Factory closed 31 December 1918

H7563-H7612

DH9

50

G & J Weir Ltd, Cathcart,

Contract Number 35a/2336/C.2643 (BR618) dated 9 August 1918.

Cancelled December 1918.

 

 

 

British Caudron, Alloa

 

 

In January 1915 a scheme was set up in Scotland for co-operative aircraft production. Weir’s became the central firm which undertook the final assembly of components manufactured by sub-contractors. By the summer of 1915 similar schemes were in operation in Coventry, Manchester and London. This system had great advantages for contractors as the Ministry of Munitions paid on a ‘cost-plus’ basis. Thus additional costs involved in using subcontractors were passed on to the Ministry. Furthermore, the main contractors retained essential skills as they alone were responsible for final assembly.

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